The Sun is really an essential part of human lives, the sun brightens the day, gives us heat as a source of energy to warm up the whole environment and the sun also regulates the climate across the globe. When we wash our clothes and spread outside the sun dries them for us.
Solar is also a beautiful thing in the sense it can be used to convert the Solar Energy (Heat + Light) directly to Electricity.
Yes the Technology has been around for a while but not readily utilised globally.
The device that converts the Solar Energy to Electricity is the Solar Panels or the Voltaic Cells. There are two kinds of Solar Panels, the Pollycrystaline and the Monocrystaline Solar panels. The Solar Panels converts the Solar Power to from the Sun Directly to DC Power. The DC Power is the Direct Current type of Electricity which is the type Used and produced by Car batteries. DC power source is a two terminal source and has a positive (+) and Negative (-) terminals.
Conventionally Electric Current flows out through the Positive Terminal and and Flows back to the DC source through the Negative Terminal.
The purpose of this how to is to teach you how you can connect all the devices used in Solar installation by yourself without paying for an Electrician to do it for you.
The devices you need for the installation includes:
1 Solar Panel(s)
2 Solar Charge Controller
That is for the Basics but let's break it down.
You will need the solar Panels to trap actual Electricity from the Sun.
The Solar Charge Controller Charges and regulates the power coming from the panel to the battery. Battery are always basically 12Volts like all the Batteries used in Gasoline Cars, though there may be different Amperage rating like 75AH, 100AH, 150AH and 200AH. AH means the Amper Hours that is the amount of Charge the battery can store up on a single Charge.
The Charging is done by the Charge Controller and it makes sure the battery is never over Charged. The working voltage of most Batteries is between 11Volts to 14.8 Volts. The Controller makes sure the battery stayed at these range without being drained to anything less than 5Volts or being Charged to anything over 15Volts.